Selenium 2 Examples

Yesterday Selenium 2 (alpha 1) was released. This is the first release since the Selenium and WebDriver projects started to merge. The main difference is the inclusion of the WebDriver API into Selenium. I’ve put together a small example below that uses the new API to log into two web based e-mail clients and send an e-mail.

WebDriverTestBase.java

package tests;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.Wait;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait;
import org.testng.Assert;
import org.testng.annotations.AfterClass;
import org.testng.annotations.BeforeClass;

public class WebDriverTestBase {

	public static FirefoxDriver driver;
	public static Wait wait;

	@BeforeClass(alwaysRun = true)
    protected void startWebDriver() {
    	driver = new FirefoxDriver();
    	wait = new WebDriverWait(driver, 120);
    }

    @AfterClass(alwaysRun = true)
    protected void closeSession() {
	    driver.close();
    }

    public static void assertEquals(Object actual, Object expected) {
    	Assert.assertEquals(actual, expected);
    }

}

VisibilityOfElementLocated.java

package tests;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.ExpectedCondition;

public class VisibilityOfElementLocated implements ExpectedCondition {

	By findCondition;

	VisibilityOfElementLocated(By by) {
		this.findCondition = by;
	}

	public Boolean apply(WebDriver driver) {
		driver.findElement(this.findCondition);
		return Boolean.valueOf(true);
	}

}

WebmailTest.java

package tests;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;

public class WebmailTest extends WebDriverTestBase {

	//variables
	public static final String YAHOO_EMAIL = "example@yahoo.co.uk";
	public static final String HOTMAIL_EMAIL = "example@hotmail.co.uk";

	@Test(description = "Sends an e-mail from Yahoo account")
	public void sendFromYahoo() {
		//new message variables
		String to = HOTMAIL_EMAIL;
		String subject = "Test Sending Email Message From Yahoo";
		String message = "This is a test e-mail from Yahoo";

		//login to yahoo
		driver.get("http://mail.yahoo.com/");
		driver.findElement(By.id("username")).sendKeys(YAHOO_EMAIL);
		driver.findElement(By.id("passwd")).sendKeys("mytestpw");
		driver.findElement(By.id(".save")).click();

		//create new message
		driver.findElement(By.id("compose_button_label")).click();
		wait.until(new VisibilityOfElementLocated(By.xpath("id('_testTo_label')/ancestor::tr[1]//textarea")));

		//send test message
		driver.findElement(By.xpath("id('_testTo_label')/ancestor::tr[1]//textarea")).sendKeys(to);
		driver.findElement(By.xpath("id('_testSubject_label')/ancestor::tr[1]//input")).sendKeys(subject);
		driver.switchTo().frame("compArea_test_");
		driver.findElement(By.xpath("//div")).sendKeys(message);
		driver.switchTo().defaultContent();
		driver.findElement(By.id("SendMessageButton_label")).click();
		//WARNING! sometimes a captcha is displayed here
		wait.until(new VisibilityOfElementLocated(By.xpath("//nobr[contains(text(), 'Message Sent')]")));
	}

	@Test(description = "Sends an e-mail from Hotmail account")
	public void sendFromHotmail() {
		//new message variables
		String to = YAHOO_EMAIL;
		String subject = "Test Sending Email Message From Hotmail";
		String message = "This is a test e-mail from Hotmail";

		//login to hotmail
		driver.get("http://mail.live.com/");
		driver.findElement(By.name("login")).sendKeys(HOTMAIL_EMAIL);
		driver.findElement(By.name("passwd")).sendKeys("mytestpw");
		if (driver.findElement(By.name("remMe")).isSelected()) {
			driver.findElement(By.name("remMe")).click();
		}
		driver.findElement(By.name("SI")).click();

		//create new message
		driver.switchTo().frame("UIFrame");
		driver.findElement(By.id("NewMessage")).click();

		//send test message
		driver.findElement(By.id("AutoCompleteTo$InputBox")).sendKeys(to);
		driver.findElement(By.id("fSubject")).sendKeys(subject);
		driver.switchTo().frame("UIFrame.1");
		driver.findElement(By.xpath("//body")).sendKeys(message);
		driver.switchTo().frame("UIFrame");
		driver.findElement(By.id("SendMessage")).click();
		assertEquals(driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("h1.SmcHeaderColor")).getText(), "Your message has been sent");
	}

}

Disclaimer: These tests are working at the time of this post but do require active e-mail accounts. They are likely to fail when the web based e-mail clients update their applications. Also, please don’t misuse these examples – their intention is to show how to use the WebDriver API and were inspired by a test assignment for an interview process.

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